Archeological studies have found that pyrolysis liquids were already used in the time of the Neanderthal. Wood Vinegar and other slow pyrolysis liquids are produced as a by-product of charcoal manufacture. However, future environmental concerns may highlight a new direction with pyrolysis liquids replacing synthetic chemicals in the form of pesticides and biocides known as Green Chemicals.
Directives and regulations related to the sustainable use of pesticides govern and direct plant protection strategies toward a lower use of synthetic chemicals. It is hoped that many mega trends of global policies will boost the use of plant based products given that a reduced reliance on fossil fuel is a general target in the global food and feed production economy. The importance and social impact of pyrolysis technologies will be enhanced because it is a practicable technique in the sustainable use of wastes and biomasses
Use of plant derivatives in agriculture dates back at least two millennia too ancient China, Egypt, Greece and India. Wood Vinegar has a long history and has been used daily in Japan as a result of numerous health claims relating to this product. Since the 1930’s, wood vinegar has been used in agriculture as a fertilizer and growth promoting agent. The characterization of liquid products from pyrolysis has been continued for a long time. The products contain many organic components and the composition is very complicated. During the last twenty years the interest has been mainly focused on the liquid product from fast pyrolysis.
The main organic components of wood vinegar are methanol and acetic acid. Other components are acetone, methyl acetone, acetaldehyde, ally l alcohol, furan and furfural, and formic, propionic and butyric acids. Other compounds that are also present are aldehydes, phenols, ketones, acids and esters.
Firetree Wood Vinegar is a complete plant based extract produced from the carbonization of wood. The condensation of the gaseous substance during the process of carbonization gives a light amber solution with a distinct smokey odour that is known as pyroligneous acid or wood vinegar. The solution contains more than 200 natural compounds such as organic acids, minerals, and other complex organic compounds found only in plants.
Since the components of wood vinegar are naturally organic, it is highly suitable for use in organic and hydrophonic farming, as well as for conventional farming. Firetree Wood Vinegar is extracted entirely from trees, it contains all the macro- and micro- nutrients that trees have extracted from Mother Earth. It contains none of the poisonous or toxic ingredients of some similar chemical products. The product presents no health risks to the end user and is a naturally effective product.
The wood vinegar solution contains macro-nutrients such as magnesium, sulphur, phosphorus, calcium and potassium along with micro-nutrients. By applying wood vinegar to plants, we are effectively recycling and returning the macro and micro nutrients absorbed by trees back into the soil.
Firetree Wood Vinegar is a natural product extract from hardwood. It is a good choice for organic farming. The natural contents make it an attractive alternative to chemical pesticides and fertilizers. It is non-toxic and biodegradable.
Benefits of using Firetree Wood Vinegar:
- Accelerates plant growth.
- Acts as pest repellent
- Promotes healthy and balanced growth
- Strengthens roots and leaves
- Enriches soil fertility
- Prevents diseases caused by bacteria
- Nourishes seeds for germination
- Stimulates vegetable growth
- Repels insects on plants
- Facilitates composting
Wood Vinegar has been long known to be very effective against nematodes. It kills nematodes directly as well as propagates microbes that feed on them. The high acidity, methanol and phenol content have strong bactericidal effect at a high concentration, such as 50 to 100 times dilution. This is mainly due to the effect on the metabolism by the main element, acetic acid. Acetyl co-enzyme is produced by plants and microbes from acetic acid.
Through the TCA cycle, actyl co-enzyme is converted into citridic acid, malic acid, fumaric acid, succiris acid and other elements that are necessary for the plantand microbes. This is the main reason behind the propagation of microbes.
Through foliar application, some bacteria are killed by direct contact and the changes of the microbiological population deter the propagation of pathogenic bacteria. The acidity on the leaves surface also deters propagation. However, the most remarkable effect of foliar application are the increase in resistance of the leaves against pests and diseases and the increase in the effectiveness of agro-chemicals.
Through foliar application of wood vinegar, the leaves become shiny and darker in colour. This is due to the increase in chlorophyll through the effect of ester in the smoke water which promotes photosynthesis. This ester also helps in the formation of sugar and amino acids. This results in better and sweeter tasting product. The healthier leaves naturally have a stronger resistance against pests and diseases.
Furthermore, wood vinegar accelerates the process of transformation of nitrogen to amino acids. This will stabilize the formation of methionine , and as a result, oxidized etheriene is also produced. These processes contribute to higher plant resistance against various diseases.
At 500 times dilution, wood vinegar can reduce the cluster value of water to 1/3. This means that the water is activated and can be easily absorbed by the plants, because water with a low cluster value is in a very small mass. Each of these masses will hold one or more mineral elements that can be easily absorded. The concentration of agro-chemicals or liquid fertilizers can be reduced by 50% if it is diluted in a 500 times dilution solution of wood vinegar due to its higher permeation. This will greatly reduce the use of agro-chemicals.
This product should not be used with alkaline chemicals.